Seasonal Affective Disorder

Depression is a debilitating chronic illness, and often difficult to treat .When it comes to dealing with seasonal affective disorder — an extreme lethargy and sadness that accompanies the onset of winter. It is known to have a seasonal pattern, with US data suggesting summer and winter peaks

People with this condition lose steam when the days get shorter and the nights longer. Symptoms of seasonal affective disorder include loss of pleasure and energy, feelings of worthlessness, inability to concentrate, and uncontrollable urges to eat sugar and high-carbohydrate foods. The risk factors associated with SAD are female, age, family history and living away from equator. Although they fade with the arrival of spring, seasonal affective disorder can leave you overweight, out of shape, and with strained relationships and employment woes.

Winter depressions, but not summer depressions, have been shown to be responsive to light therapy . Given that vitamin D is widely deficient in Western populations, and that there is a demonstrated association between mood states and seasonality, several studies have investigated the link between vitamin D and depression.

This is especially troublesome for the international students coming new to places like Canada, they must think about developing coping strategies.

Seasonal Effective Disorders- Bring on the light: Michael Craig Miller, M.D.,: Harverd Health Publications; Dec. 2012.

Luiz, C. (2014). Coping with Seasonal Affective Disorder. Psych Central. Retrieved on February 19, 2015, from http://psychcentral.com/lib/coping-with-seasonal-affective-disorder/00020857

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/seasonal-affective-disorder/basics/risk-factors/con-20021047

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